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Place of Origin: Sichuan, China (Mainland) 
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Product Detail

Model No.: Sm
Production Capacity: 50T/Year
Delivery Date: with 7 days
Appearance: Silver metal
Molecular Formula: Sm
Boiling point: 1794 °C
Density: 7.47 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
Means of Transport: Ocean,Land,Air
Packing: According to customer requi...
Brand Name: MOSINTER
CAS: 7440-19-9
Molecular weight: 150.36
Heat of fusion: 8.62 kJ/mol
Melting point: 1074 °C

Samarium is a chemical element with symbol Sm and atomic number 62

Samarium CAS: 7440-19-9

Main Component: Sm/TREO≥99.9%

RE Impurities REO PPM(MAX)

Non—RE Impurities PPM(MAX)

La                0.0015

S                     0.025

Ce                -------

O                     0.02

Pr                 0.0005

C                     0.010

Nd                0.0005

B                     0.0005

Eu                0.0005

Fe                     0.05

Gd                 0.0005

Ta                     0.0005

Tb                 0.0005

Ca                     0.015

Dy                 0.0005

Si                     0.020

Ho                ------

Cr                     0.05

Er                ------

Mg                     0.015

Tm                ------

Al                     0.010

Yb                ------

Cl                     0.010

Lu                ------

Y                 0.0010

TREM         99.5%

     Samarium is a chemical element with symbol Sm and atomic number 62. It is a moderately hard silvery metal that readily oxidizes in air. Being a typical member of the lanthanide series, samarium usually assumes the oxidation state +3. Compounds of samarium(II) are also known, most notably themonoxide SmO, monochalcogenides SmS, SmSe and SmTe, as well as samarium(II) iodide. The last compound is a common reducing agent in chemical synthesis. Samarium has no significant biological role and is only slightly toxic.

    Samarium was discovered in 1879 by the French chemist Paul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran and named after the mineral samarskite from which it was isolated. The mineral itself was earlier named after a Russian mine official, Colonel Vasili Samarsky-Bykhovets, who thereby became the first person to have a chemical element named after him, albeit indirectly. Although classified as a rare earth element, samarium is the 40th most abundant element in the Earth's crust and is more common than such metals as tin. Samarium occurs with concentration up to 2.8% in several minerals including cerite,gadolinite, samarskite, monazite and bastnäsite, the last two being the most common commercial sources of the element. These minerals are mostly found in China, the United States, Brazil, India, Sri Lanka and Australia; China is by far the world leader in samarium mining and production.


    Barbier reaction using SmI2

    One of the most important applications of samarium is in samarium-cobalt magnets, which have a nominal composition of SmCo5 or Sm2Co17. They have high permanent magnetization, which is about 10,000 times that of iron and is second only to that of neodymium magnets. However, samarium-based magnets have higher resistance to demagnetization, as they are stable to temperatures above 700 °C (cf. 300–400 °C for neodymium magnets). These magnets are found in small motors, headphones, and high-end magnetic pickups for guitars and related musical instruments. For example, they are used in the motors of a solar-poweredelectric aircraft, the Solar Challenger, and in the Samarium Cobalt Noiseless electric guitar and bass pickups.

    Another important application of samarium and its compounds is as catalyst and chemical reagent. Samarium catalysts assist decomposition of plastics, dechlorination of pollutants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), as well as the dehydration and dehydrogenation of ethanol. Samarium(III) triflate(Sm(OTf)3, that is Sm(CF3SO3)3), is one of the most efficient Lewis acid catalysts for a halogen-promoted Friedel–Crafts reaction with alkenes.Samarium(II) iodide is a very common reducing and coupling agent in organic synthesis, for example in the desulfonylation reactions; annulation; Danishefsky,Kuwajima, Mukaiyama and Holton Taxol total syntheses; strychnine total synthesis; Barbier reaction and other reductions with samarium(II) iodide.

    In its usual oxidized form, samarium is added to ceramics and glasses where it increases absorption of infrared light. As a (minor) part of mischmetal, samarium is found in "flint" ignition device of many lighters and torches.

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